Legal Paternity Testing
Legal paternity testing becomes necessary when the mother of a child has issues with either identifying the father or when the father refuses to accept legal and financial obligations to the child. When these cases arise and are presented before the courts, paternal DNA testing can be ordered to take place by the family court judge to positively determine if the male is the actual father of the child.
DNA testing was introduced commercially in 1987 and has become an incredibly accurate tool for positively identifying the father of children. The accuracy rate of these tests are 99.9% and only require a buccal swab to be used to collect saliva from the inside of the male and child’s mouth. These are sent to a laboratory, tested and examined to determine if there is a genetic link between the two.
Legal dna paternity test
There are two types of paternity DNA tests and these are an in-home test and the more stringent legal paternity test. The legal paternity test more stringent collection and tracking procedures, as the results will be introduced as evidence in a court of law. The biggest difference between the two is the chain of custody.
Proper chain of custody procedures will include having a neutral third party such as a clinic or laboratory collect the samples used for DNA testing. All parties involved must also be positively identified using government issued photo identification. Some companies will also fingerprint and photograph the subjects to further ensure the results are admissible in court.
Legal dna paternity testing
The samples collected for the legal paternity test will be tracked throughout the DNA testing process to ensure there are no errors in the laboratory. Bar coding and scanners are a powerful tool in the DNA testing process as you can instantly scan the tag and bring up the client records in addition to tracking what steps are taken, when and by whom.
This documentation process and the resulting analysis will ensure that all date collected can be presented to the court with confidence. While you may pay more for the formal legal DNA test then you would for an in-home paternity test, it will ensure that the DNA results are accurate and defensible in the court system.